KAMIYA, Masaaki (神谷 昌明)
Professor, Department of General Education
National Institute of Technology, Toyota College
◆Research Interests: English Philology, Corpus Linguistics
◆Research Theme: Diachronic Study of Phrasal Verb, Resultative Construction and Phraseology
◆Educational Background: MA, Graduate School, Aichi University of Education; BA, Kyoto University of Foreign Studies; Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London (Visiting fellow)
◆Affiliations: Japanese Association for English Corpus Studies, The Japan Society for Medieval English Studies
◆Research Funding: Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research <KAKENHI>
◆Contact Address: email@example.com
(1)Diachronic Study of Resultative Constructions
The aim of this research is to select the possible resultative constructions in Old English and Middle English, using the two parsed diachronic corpora ; YCOE (Old English) and PPCME2 (Middle English). The KWIC Concordance Program for Windows was used to make a concordance of the small clauses beginning with the tag [IP-SMC]. About 6,400 small clauses were found in the two parsed corpora. Then we checked whether the resultative construction exists from among the small clauses.
As the result of the research, one example was found in the YCOE corpus and 31 examples were found in the PPCME2 corpus. We add the new findings to the previous study conducted by Visser (1967) ; the eleven verbs (bake, well (meaning boil), to-breken (meaning break up), pierce, put (meaning push), stamp, cut ,shut, colour, hew, strike) and the 8 resultative predicates (blind, fast, full, hard, hot, short, stark (meaning strong), white).
Resultative Construction in YCOE
(1)Boethius Consolation of Philosophy（file name:coboeth.o2）
Þeah ðu hi smale todæle swa dust,
(Though thou divide them as small as dust） cf. todælan (cut off）
(IP-MAT-SPE (CP-ADV-SPE (P +teah)(C 0)(IP-SUB-SPE (NP-NOM (PRO^N+du)) (IP-SMC-SPE (NP-ACC-SBJ (PRO^A hi))(ADJP-ACC-PRD (ADJ^A smale))) (RP+VBPS tod+ale) (PP (P swa)(CPX-CMP-SPE (IPX-SUB-SPE (NP-ACC (N^A dust)))))))…(. ;)) (ID coboeth,Bo:188.8.131.527))
For more details ( in Japanese)
(2)Pilot Study on the New Classification of English Phraseology
―The Classification of Verb + Noun Phrases Based on Word Origin―
Phraseology is the study of fixed expressions, such as collocations, idioms, composite predicates, phrasal verbs, and other types of multi-word lexical bundles. In this research, we examine the previous study conducted by Minoji Akimoto (1983). Akimoto classifies 262 verb and noun phrases (VN Phrases) into 40 groups according to eight grammatical parameters. We use the parameter of ‘word origin’ to classify 251 VN Phrases into four groups, 50% of which are Germanic verb + Germanic noun phrase, followed by Germanic verb + french-origin noun phrase(32%), french-orign verb + french-origin noun phrase (9%) and french-origin verb + Germanic noun phrase (9%). We have the findings that Germanic verb + Germanic noun phrases are highly idiomatic from the point of view of idiomaticity, while Germanic verb + french-origin noun phrases are the least idiomatic among four groups.
(3) The Origin and Development of Phrasal Verbs
-The Database of Prefixed Verbs with up- and out- in Old English-
Phrasal verbs are combinations of verbs with particles (adverbial particles and prepositions). They are frequently used in colloquial English. The origin of phrasal verbs dates back to the prefixed verbs in Old English. The aim of research is to extract all the prefixed verbs with up- and out-, using the York-Toronto-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Prose (YCOE) and to make a database of the prefixed verbs with up- and out- for the research on the origin and development of phrasal verbs. The number of the prefixed verbs with up- and out- is 20 and 36 in YCOE respectively.
For more details and Database (in English)